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The vast majority of your paragraphs, however, should have a topic sentence. Most paragraphs in an essay have a three-part structure—introduction, body, and conclusion. You can see this structure in paragraphs whether they are narrating, describing, comparing, contrasting, or analyzing information. Each part of the paragraph plays an important role in communicating your meaning to your reader.

The following paragraph illustrates this pattern of organization. In front of the tiny pupil of the eye they put , on Mount Palomar, a great monocle inches in diameter, and with it see times farther into the depths of space. Or , if we want to see distant happenings on earth, they use some of the previously wasted electromagnetic waves to carry television images which they re-create as light by whipping tiny crystals on a screen with electrons in a vacuum. Or they can bring happenings of long ago and far away as colored motion pictures, by arranging silver atoms and color-absorbing molecules to force light waves into the patterns of original reality.

Or if we want to see into the center of a steel casting or the chest of an injured child, they send the information on a beam of penetrating short-wave X rays, and then convert it back into images we can see on a screen or photograph. In a coherent paragraph, each sentence relates clearly to the topic sentence or controlling idea, but there is more to coherence than this.

If a paragraph is coherent, each sentence flows smoothly into the next without obvious shifts or jumps. A coherent paragraph also highlights the ties between old information and new information to make the structure of ideas or arguments clear to the reader.

If you have written a very long paragraph, one that fills a double-spaced typed page, for example, you should check it carefully to see if it should start a new paragraph where the original paragraph wanders from its controlling idea. On the other hand, if a paragraph is very short only one or two sentences, perhaps , you may need to develop its controlling idea more thoroughly, or combine it with another paragraph.

A number of other techniques that you can use to establish coherence in paragraphs are described below. Repeat key words or phrases. Particularly in paragraphs in which you define or identify an important idea or theory, be consistent in how you refer to it.

This consistency and repetition will bind the paragraph together and help your reader understand your definition or description.

Parallel structures are created by constructing two or more phrases or sentences that have the same grammatical structure and use the same parts of speech. By creating parallel structures you make your sentences clearer and easier to read. In addition, repeating a pattern in a series of consecutive sentences helps your reader see the connections between ideas.

In the paragraph above about scientists and the sense of sight, several sentences in the body of the paragraph have been constructed in a parallel way.

The parallel structures which have been emphasized help the reader see that the paragraph is organized as a set of examples of a general statement. When we get to the thesis statement , notice that it makes an assertion that can be proven. Once the reader finds out what exactly those examples are, he can agree or disagree with whether they are indeed retarded forms of technology. You might be wondering what makes a good thesis statement.

First it must be very precise. Because the thesis is the most important sentence in the entire essay, you want to spend some time on it, honing it, carving it out so that its diction is sharp, piercing. The one above is a generalized thesis because it does not map out the 4 forms of retarded technology remember the class lecture about mapped versus generalized thesis statements. You can use either a mapped thesis or a generalized thesis in your exemplification essay.

Bad thesis statements will be vague and not express an assertion or a claim. Bad thesis statement will also announce the essay. Never write a thesis that announces an essay. Consider these thesis statements that announce the essay: As you can see, all of these "thesis statements" announce what the essay will be about. This method creates a very casual, informal tone in the essay. When you compare these 3 examples with to the one above, you can see the obvious contrast between them and the one listed in the thesis statement in the indented paragraph above.

Overall, carving out a well crafted, carefully constructed thesis is well worth your time invested. Though you always should think of it as a tentative thesis or claim because you want to allow yourself the freedom to adjust it throughout the writing process as your draft develops and evolves. Keeping your thesis in focus this way can only help you write a better essay.

Though it is a sad truth, most people in the U. Instead, Samuelson uses the term "retarded" in a more literal sense to mean that an invention has not evolved beyond the one it is replacing. He claims that "retarded technology creates new and expensive ways of doing things that were once done simply and inexpensively" Samuelson is correct in his observation that our world is inundated with retarded technology. In addition to the examples he points out in his essay, other examples of "technology racing backwards" have been invented in the last 10 years.

In my essay, I will give 4 kinds of retarded technology. In this essay, we will discuss retarded technology that is worthless. I agree with Samuelson that there are other kinds of technology that are retarded and my essay will talk about 4 more kinds.

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Explain what the evidence means. Show the reader how this entire paragraph connects back to the thesis statement. Concluding Paragraph. Indeed, while television can be educational, parents should regulate the amount of television their children watch. Rephrase your thesis statement in the first sentence of the conclusion.

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The introductory paragraph and thesis statement define the topic and primary argument or position of your essay in a strong, specific and compelling way. Often times the introductory paragraph and thesis statement are the last part of your essay you write.

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The thesis statement has 3 main parts: thelimited subject, the precise opinion, and the embrapa.gaein, Jordan, and Jerz Thesis Reminders A thesis reminder is a direct echo of the thesis statement. In a short paper, the topic sentence of each paragraph should repeat words or phrases from the thesis statement. First, remember that a thesis expresses an opinion or claim, or main point about the essay as a whole. Think of the thesis as the brain of the essay, the central nervous system. This claim or assertion that the thesis makes is not a small one. No.

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This handout describes what a thesis statement is, how thesis statements work in your writing, and how you can craft or refine one for your draft. Introduction. Writing in college often takes the form of persuasion—convincing others that you have an interesting, logical point of view on the subject you are studying. If you do not yet have a position, making a cluster or a map with your topic in the center is a good way to help yourself find a position. Another good way is to begin a free write, “I’m supposed to write an essay about_____” and see where it takes you.